Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease: Brief Version
What is hand, foot and mouth disease?
Hand, foot, and mouth disease is a disease caused by a virus. Children 6 months to 4 years old are most at risk. The disease happens most often in the summer or fall.
Your child may have hand, foot, and mouth disease, if your child has:
- Small, painful sores in his mouth.
- Small water blisters or red spots on the palms of his hands and soles of the feet. You may also see these on the webs between the fingers and toes.
- Five or fewer blisters on each hand or foot
- Fever between 100Â°F and 102Â°F
The fever goes away by the 3rd or 4th day. The mouth sores go away in 7 days. The rash on the hands and feet can last 10 days.
How can I take care of my child?
Helping the pain.
- If your child is very young, put 1/2 teaspoon antacid solution in the front of the mouth 4 times a day after meals.
- Children over age 4 can use 1 teaspoon of an antacid solution as a mouthwash after meals.
- Give acetaminophen or ibuprofen if your child’s mouth really hurts, or for fever over 102Â° F. No aspirin.
Feeding your child.
- Give soft foods, like yogurt, cottage cheese, and Jell-O.
- Use a cup instead of a bottle.
- Cold drinks, milkshakes, Popsicles, and sherbet can feel good.
- Stay away from citrus, salty, or spicy foods.
Spreading hand, foot, and mouth disease.
- Your child’s playmates may get the disease in 3 to 6Â days.
- Your child may go back to school when the fever goes away.
Call your child’s doctor right away if:
- Your child has not urinated for more than 8 hours.
- Your child gets a stiff neck.
- Your child acts very sick.
Call your child’s doctor during office hours if:
- The fever lasts more than 3 days.
- You have other concerns or questions.
Written by Barton D. Schmitt, MD, author of â€œMy Child Is Sick,â€ American Academy of Pediatrics Books.
Pediatric Advisor 2015.1 published by RelayHealth.
Last modified: 2013-06-06
Last reviewed: 2014-06-10
This content is reviewed periodically and is subject to change as new health information becomes available. The information is intended to inform and educate and is not a replacement for medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcare professional.
Copyright Â©1986-2015 Barton D. Schmitt, MD. All rights reserved.