Most babies use both hands and rarely show any preference before about 7 to 9 months old. By about 18 months many children use one hand more than the other, but up to age 4 to 6 years, children may still use both hands rather than favoring the right or left.
Catching and throwing a ball is not always a good way to tell hand preference. Some ways to tell if your child is left-handed include:
Which hand do they use to reach for toys and crayons placed directly in front of them?
Which hand do they use to feed themselves (either finger food or spoon)?
Do they stir or turn things counter-clockwise?
Which hand do they use to brush their teeth with or comb their hair?
What is the cause?
Whether a child is left-handed or right-handed depends mainly on how the babyâ€™s brain develops before birth. It may be caused by genes passed from parent to child.
About 1 in 10 people are left-handed. Males are about twice as likely to be left-handed as females.
Does being left-handed cause problems?
There is no great disadvantage to being left-handed. Many famous and successful people throughout history were left-handed. Your child may need tools and supplies made for lefties, such as baseball mitts, hockey sticks, scissors, and spiral notebooks.
Left-handedness is related to the brain, not the hand. It is not just a habit. Forcing a left-handed child to switch to the right hand may cause problems with language or trouble learning to read and write.
If you have concerns, have your child checked by your healthcare provider.
How can I help my child?
If you are right-handed, sit across from your child when teaching them to tie their shoes or get dressed. This gives them a mirror image to copy, and is easier than sitting beside them to show them what to do.
When your child reaches school age, make sure that he or she doesn’t have to sit at desks for right-handers. When students start to write, they should learn paper and pencil positions for the left-hander. For example, it helps for the left-hander to hold her or his pencil a little higher than the right-hander.
Pediatric Advisor 2015.1 published by RelayHealth. Last modified: 2014-06-02 Last reviewed: 2014-05-30
This content is reviewed periodically and is subject to change as new health information becomes available. The information is intended to inform and educate and is not a replacement for medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcare professional.