Bee or Yellow Jacket Stings

What is a sting?

Honey bees, bumble bees, hornets, wasps, and yellow jackets can all sting. Most stings are by yellow jackets. These stings cause immediate painful red bumps. The pain is usually better in 2 hours. The swelling, however, may increase for up to 48 hours and last for up to 7 days.

Multiple stings (more than 10) can cause vomiting, diarrhea, a headache, and fever. If your child has multiple stings, he should usually be seen by a healthcare provider. These symptoms are related to the amount of venom received. This is not an allergic reaction, which would cause trouble breathing, trouble swallowing, widespread hives, or passing out.

How can I take care of my child?

  • Treatment

    If you see a little black dot in the bite, the stinger is still present (this only occurs with bee stings). Remove it by scraping it off. If only a small fragment remains, it will come out on its own. Do not squeeze the stinger, because it might release more venom. Rub each sting for 20 minutes with a cotton ball soaked in a meat tenderizer/water solution. (Avoid the area around the eye.) This may neutralize the venom and relieve the pain and swelling. If meat tenderizer is not available, apply an aluminum-based deodorant or a baking soda solution for 20 minutes. For persistent pain, massage with an ice cube for 10 minutes. Give acetaminophen or ibuprofen immediately for relief of pain and burning. For itching, apply hydrocortisone cream.

  • Prevention

    Some bee stings can be prevented by avoiding gardens and orchards and by not going barefoot. Teach children not to disturb beehives or hornet nests. Insect repellents are not effective against these stinging insects.

When should I call my child’s healthcare provider?

Call IMMEDIATELY (or call 911) if:

  • Breathing or swallowing is difficult.

Call during office hours if:

  • New redness starts more than 24 hours after the sting
  • The swelling or redness continues to spread after 48 hours.
  • Swelling of the hand (or foot) spreads past the wrist (or ankle).
  • You have other questions or concerns.
Written by Barton D. Schmitt, MD, author of “My Child Is Sick,” American Academy of Pediatrics Books.
Pediatric Advisor 2015.1 published by RelayHealth.
Last modified: 2011-06-07
Last reviewed: 2014-06-10
This content is reviewed periodically and is subject to change as new health information becomes available. The information is intended to inform and educate and is not a replacement for medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcare professional.
Copyright ©1986-2015 Barton D. Schmitt, MD. All rights reserved.

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