Type of medicine: selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI); antidepressant
Generic and brand names: sertraline, oral; Zoloft; Zoloft Oral Concentrate
What is this medicine used for?
This medicine is taken by mouth to treat:
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
Posttraumatic stress disorder
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)
Social anxiety disorder (social phobia)
This medicine may be used to treat other conditions as determined by your healthcare provider.
What should my healthcare provider know before I take this medicine?
Before taking this medicine, tell your healthcare provider if you have ever had:
An allergic reaction to any medicine or to latex
Heart disease, heart attack or stroke
High blood pressure
Liver or kidney disease
Low levels of sodium in the blood
Other mood disorders such as bipolar disorder
Thoughts of suicide
Do not take this medicine if you have taken an MAO inhibitor antidepressant in the last 2 weeks. Serious side effects can occur. Talk with your healthcare provider about this.
Do not take pimozide (Orap) while taking this medicine.
Do not take disulfiram (Antabuse) while taking the liquid form of this medicine.
Females of childbearing age: Talk with your healthcare provider if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known whether this medicine will harm an unborn baby. Do not breast-feed while taking this medicine without your healthcare provider’s approval.
How do I take it?
Read the Medication Guide that comes in the medicine package when you start taking this medicine and each time you get a refill.
Check the label on the medicine for directions about your specific dose. Take this medicine exactly as your healthcare provider prescribes. Do not take more of it or take it longer than prescribed. Taking too much can increase the risk of side effects. Do not stop taking this medicine without your healthcare provider’s approval. You may need to reduce your dosage slowly to avoid withdrawal symptoms.
Check with your healthcare provider before using this medicine in children under age 6.
An adult should supervise the use of this medicine by a child.
This medicine comes in tablet and liquid concentrate form. If you have the liquid concentrate, use the dropper to measure the exact dose your healthcare provider prescribes. Just before taking it, mix the dose with half a cup of water, ginger ale, lemon/lime soda, lemonade, or orange juice ONLY. Do not mix it with any other liquid. Drink it right after you mix it. Do not take disulfiram (Antabuse) while taking the liquid form of this medicine.
Your healthcare provider will want to see you regularly to check your response to this medicine and to see if your dosage needs to be changed. It may take some time for you to feel better. Do not stop taking the medicine until your healthcare provider tells you to do so. You may have to take this medicine for 4 weeks or more to feel its full effects.
What if I miss a dose?
Do not miss a dose. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember unless it is almost time for the next scheduled dose. In that case, skip the missed dose and take the next one as directed. Do not take double doses. If you are not sure of what to do if you miss a dose, or if you miss more than one dose, contact your healthcare provider.
What if I overdose?
If you or anyone else has intentionally taken too much of this medicine, call 911 or go to the emergency room right away. If you pass out, have seizures, weakness or confusion, or have trouble breathing, call 911. If you think that you or anyone else may have taken too much of this medicine, call the poison control center. Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning. The poison control center number is 800-222-1222.
Symptoms of an acute overdose may include: dizziness, fainting, drowsiness, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, fast or irregular heartbeat, restlessness, tremors, confusion, seizures, coma.
What should I watch out for?
Antidepressant medicines may increase suicidal thoughts or actions in some children, teenagers, and young adults within the first few months of treatment or at times of dose changes. Call your healthcare provider right away if you or your family notice:
New or increased thoughts of suicide
Changes in thoughts, mood, or behavior such as becoming irritable or anxious
Worsening of depression
More outgoing or aggressive behavior than normal
This medicine may cause serotonin syndrome, which can be life-threatening. It may be caused by taking this medicine with other medicines. These medicines include other antidepressants, medicines to treat migraines, pain medicines, some cough medicines, St. Johnâ€™s wort, and others. Make sure that your providers know ALL of the medicines that you take.
Contact your healthcare provider right away if you have:
Loss of coordination
Fast heart beat
Rapid changes in blood pressure or dizziness
Increased body temperature, sweating, or flushing
This medicine may trigger angle-closure glaucoma. Contact your provider right away if you have eye pain, vision changes, or redness and swelling in or around your eye.
This medicine may make you dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive or operate machinery unless you are fully alert.
This medicine may increase the effects of alcohol and interact with many other medicines. Do not drink alcohol or take any other medicine, including nonprescription products or natural remedies, unless your healthcare provider approves.
Occasionally, this medicine can cause some sexual problems. Ask your healthcare provider about this.
In rare cases, this medicine may cause severe weight loss. Talk to your healthcare provider about this.
Adults over the age of 65 may be more sensitive to this medicine and may require a different dosage.
If you need emergency care, surgery, or dental work, tell the healthcare provider or dentist you are taking this medicine.
What are the possible side effects?
Along with its needed effects, your medicine may cause some unwanted side effects. Some side effects may be very serious. Some side effects may go away as your body adjusts to the medicine. Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effects that continue or get worse.
Life-threatening (Report these to your healthcare provider right away. If you are unable to reach your healthcare provider right away, get emergency medical care or call 911 for help): Allergic reaction (hives; itching; rash; trouble breathing; chest pain or tightness in your chest; swelling of your lips, tongue, and throat).
Serious (report these to your healthcare provider right away): Seizures; thoughts of suicide or worsening of your depression; unusual changes in thoughts, mood, or behavior; severe nervousness; trouble breathing; fever; hallucinations; slurred speech; loss of coordination or unsteadiness; stiff muscles; joint or muscle pain; confusion; severe dizziness or fainting; severe headache; chest pain; fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; unusual bleeding or bruising; black or tarry stools; blistering, peeling, or severe skin rash; memory problems or trouble concentrating; severe nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea; eye pain, vision changes, or swelling and redness around your eyes.
Other: Headache, loss of appetite, weight loss or gain, drowsiness, stomach pain, weakness, nausea, vomiting, shaking, trouble sleeping, dizziness, dry mouth, cough, runny nose, constipation, sweating, diarrhea, restlessness, rash, itching, change in sex drive or ability, muscle or joint pain, fever, increased yawning; menstrual changes.
What products might interact with this medicine?
When you take this medicine with other medicines, it can change the way this or any of the other medicines work. Nonprescription medicines, vitamins, natural remedies, and certain foods may also interact. Using these products together might cause harmful side effects. Talk to your healthcare provider if you are taking:
Antianxiety medicines such as alprazolam (Xanax), clonazepam (Klonopin), clorazepate (Tranxene), diazepam (Valium), lorazepam (Ativan), and oxazepam
Antihistamines such as brompheniramine, chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton), clemastine, diphenhydramine (Benadryl), and hydroxyzine (Vistaril)
Anti-HIV medicines such as atazanavir (Reyataz), darunavir (Prezista), delavirdine (Rescriptor), efavirenz (Sustiva), elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir (Stribild), etravirine (Intelence), fosamprenavir (Lexiva), indinavir (Crixivan), lopinavir/ritonavir (Kaletra), maraviroc (Selzentry), nelfinavir (Viracept), rilpivirine (Edurant), ritonavir (Norvir) and saquinavir (Invirase), stavudine (Zerit), tipranavir (Aptivus), and zidovudine (AZT)
Antinausea medicines such as dolasetron (Anzemet), droperidol, ondansetron (Zofran), prochlorperazine and promethazine (Phenergan)
Antiseizure medicines such as carbamazepine (Tegretol), phenytoin (Dilantin), and valproic acid (Depakote)
Aspirin or other salicylates
Beta blockers such as acebutolol (Sectral), atenolol (Tenormin), bisoprolol (Zebeta), carvedilol (Coreg), labetalol (Trandate), metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol XL), nadolol (Corgard), nebivolol (Bystolic), pindolol, and propranolol (Inderal LA)
Dextromethorphan, an ingredient in many cough and cold medicines such as Robitussin-DM
Disulfiram (Antabuse) may interact with the liquid concentrate of this medicine because it contains alcohol
Diuretics (water pills) such as amiloride, bumetanide, chlorothiazide (Diuril), furosemide (Lasix), hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide), spironolactone (Aldactone), torsemide (Demadex), and triamterene (Dyrenium)
Heart medicines such as amiodarone (Cordarone, Pacerone), dronedarone (Multaq), flecainide, mexiletine (Mexitil), procainamide, propafenone (Rythmol), and quinidine
MAO inhibitors such as isocarboxazid (Marplan), phenelzine (Nardil), selegiline (Eldepryl, Emsam), and tranylcypromine (Parnate) (Do not take this medicine and an MAO inhibitor within 14 days of each other.)
Medicines to treat diabetes such as glipizide (Glucotrol, Glucotrol XL), glyburide (DiaBeta, Glynase PresTab), insulin, metformin (Glucophage), nateglinide (Starlix), pioglitazone (Actos), repaglinide (Prandin), rosiglitazone (Avandia) and tolbutamide
Medicines to treat migraines such as almotriptan (Axert), eletriptan (Relpax), frovatriptan (Frova), naratriptan (Amerge), rizatriptan (Maxalt), sumatriptan succinate (Imitrex), and zolmitriptan (Zomig)
Medicines to treat or prevent blood clots such as apixaban (Eliquis), cilostazol (Pletal), clopidogrel (Plavix), dabigatran (Pradaxa), dipyridamole (Persantine), enoxaparin (Lovenox), fondaparinux (Arixtra), prasugrel (Effient), rivaroxaban (Xarelto), ticagrelor (Brilinta), ticlopidine and warfarin (Coumadin)
Muscle relaxants such as baclofen (Lioresal), carisoprodol (Soma), cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril), dantrolene (Dantrium), methocarbamol (Robaxin), and tizanidine (Zanaflex)
Natural remedies such as alfalfa, anise, bilberry, catâ€™s claw, garlic, ginger, ginkgo biloba, ginseng, glucosamine, gotu kola, kava, SAMe, Syrian Rue, St. John’s wort, tryptophan, and valerian
Pain medicines such as codeine, fentanyl (Actiq, Duragesic), hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin, Lortab), meperidine (Demerol), methadone (Dolophine), morphine (Oramorph, MS Contin), oxycodone (OxyContin, Roxicodone), and tramadol (Ultram)
Products that contain methylene blue (Prosed DS, Utira-C, Urelle, Utrona-C)
Sedatives such as butabarbital (Butisol), phenobarbital, ramelteon (Rozerem), triazolam (Halcion), zaleplon (Sonata), and zolpidem (Ambien)
Stimulants and appetite suppressants such as dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine, Dextrostat), methamphetamine (Desoxyn), and methylphenidate (Ritalin)
Do not drink alcohol while you are taking this medicine.
If you are not sure if your medicines might interact, ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider. Keep a list of all your medicines with you. List all the prescription medicines, nonprescription medicines, supplements, natural remedies, and vitamins that you take. Be sure that you tell all healthcare providers who treat you about all the products you are taking.
How should I store this medicine?
Store this medicine at room temperature. Keep the container tightly closed. Protect from heat, high humidity, and bright light.
This advisory includes selected information only and may not include all side effects of this medicine or interactions with other medicines. Ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for more information or if you have any questions.
Ask your pharmacist for the best way to dispose of outdated medicine or medicine you have not used. Do not throw medicine in the trash.
Keep all medicines out of the reach of children.
Do not share medicines with other people.
Developed by RelayHealth.
Medication Advisor 2015.1 published by RelayHealth. Last modified: 2015-01-21 Last reviewed: 2014-09-02
This content is reviewed periodically and is subject to change as new health information becomes available. The information is intended to inform and educate and is not a replacement for medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcare professional.