Vulvitis is swelling and irritation (inflammation) of the vulva. The vulva is the outer part of your genitals. It includes the skin around the opening of the vagina (birth canal) and urethra (where urine leaves your body).
What is the cause?
Vulvitis can happen to a woman at any age. Possible causes are:
Skin problems such as eczema, seborrhea, psoriasis, or chronic dermatitis
Allergies or irritation from chemicals, such as spermicides, soaps, bubble bath, or other perfumed products
Infection by scabies, mites, lice, yeast, bacteria, or a virus, such as herpes
Vulvar dystrophy, which is a change in the skin of the vulva
What are the symptoms?
Symptoms may include:
Redness, burning, itching, and stinging
Thickening or small cracks in the skin around the vagina
Changes in vaginal discharge
How is it diagnosed?
Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and medical history and examine you. Tests may include:
A biopsy, which is the removal of a small sample of tissue for testing
How is it treated?
The treatment for vulvitis depends on the cause. If an infection is the cause, it may be treated with medicine put on your vulva or into your vagina. Or it may be treated with shots or pills. To prevent reinfection or spread of infection, your partner may need to be treated also.
If vulvitis is being caused by a product that is irritating the vulva, it will usually go away when you stop using the product. Some irritations are treated with steroid or hormone creams.
Your healthcare provider may advise you to stop having sex until the vulvitis heals.
Depending on the cause of the vulvitis, it may heal in a few days with treatment or it may take a few weeks to go away. In some cases vulvitis can be a long-term condition and not go away, even with treatment.
How can I take care of myself?
Follow the full course of treatment prescribed by your healthcare provider. Keep using the medicine for as long as your provider tells you to.
Other things you can do to help relieve symptoms are:
Avoid irritating your vulva. For example, donâ€™t use strong or perfumed soaps, lotions, or deodorants in your genital area. Bathe with a gentle, unscented soap. Rinse your genital area thoroughly but gently. Pat dry without rubbing.
If you have sores in the genital area, your symptoms may be soothed by soaking in a bath with aluminum acetate solution (Burrowâ€™s solution) added to it. Or soak a cloth in Burrowâ€™s solution and put the moist cloth on the sore area.
Wear loose-fitting, all-cotton or cotton-crotch underwear.
Keep your genital area dry.
Donâ€™t use feminine hygiene products, such as sprays or powders. Avoid bubble baths and oils. Donâ€™t douche unless told to do so by your healthcare provider.
Donâ€™t perfumed laundry detergent or fabric softener.
Donâ€™t use tampons.
Use unscented white toilet paper.
Ask your healthcare provider:
How and when you will hear your test results
How long it will take to recover
What activities you should avoid and when you can return to your normal activities
How to take care of yourself at home
What symptoms or problems you should watch for and what to do if you have them
Make sure you know when you should come back for a checkup.
How can I help prevent vulvitis?
If you tend to get yeast infections when you take antibiotics, ask your provider about using an antifungal cream when you are taking antibiotic medicine.
Have just 1 sexual partner who is not sexually active with anyone else. Use a condom when you have sex to lower your risk for infection. Avoid spermicidal foams, gels, and creams if you have had a problem with them before.
Developed by RelayHealth.
Adult Advisor 2015.1 published by RelayHealth. Last modified: 2014-07-28 Last reviewed: 2014-02-05
This content is reviewed periodically and is subject to change as new health information becomes available. The information is intended to inform and educate and is not a replacement for medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcare professional.
ACOG Practice Bulletin: Diagnosis and Management of Vulvar Skin Disorders. Number 93, May 2008, Reaffirmed 2013.
Katz V., G. Lentz, R. Lobo, D. Gershenson. Comprehensive Gynecology. 5th ed. Mosby Elsevier, 2007. Accessed on September 23, 2009 form http://www.mdconsult.com.
Schorge, J., J. Schaeffer, L. Hoalvorson, B. Hoffmen, K. Bradshaw, F. Cunningham. Williams Gynecology. 1st ed. The Mcgraw Hill Companies, Inc. 2008. Accessed September 23, 2009 from http://www.accessmedicine.com.