Depression is when you feel sad and blue, even hopeless. If these feelings last for 2 weeks or more, you may need treatment. If you are not treated, the depression can last much longer or get more serious.
What is the cause?
No one knows just what causes depression. It may happen because some chemicals in the brain are not balanced. It may happen more often in some families.
You may also feel depressed because you:
Have a medical illness
Take a medicine that can cause depression
Have recently had surgery or given birth
Use alcohol or drugs
Have lots of stress that you cannot control
Have recently had a major change in your life
What are the symptoms?
You may have depression if you:
Feel sad or blue (You may cry, feel tense, upset, or easily bothered.)
Donâ€™t care about things you normally like to do
Lose weight and do not feel like eating, or eat more often and gain weight
Have trouble sleeping or sleep more than usual
Feel tired and do not have any energy
Feel nervous and restless
Have less desire for sex
Feel bad about yourself or guilty
Have trouble thinking clearly or remembering things
Think about death or hurting yourself
How is it treated?
You need to get help. You may need therapy and medicine.
Therapy can give you the support you need. It can help you feel less out of control. You can learn to change the way you think and feel.
Antidepressant medicines will usually start to help you feel better within about 3 to 6 weeks. You may need to keep taking the medicine for a long while or even for the rest of your life.
How can I take care of myself?
Make sure you take your medicine and see a therapist.
You can also:
Find out what activities make you feel better and do those things.
Join a support group or talk to your family and friends. Do not spend too much time alone.
Ask for help with your work when you need it. Set limits if people expect too much from you.
It can also help to:
Eat healthy foods and drink less caffeine.
Stay away from alcohol or drugs.
Exercise for at least 30 minutes 3 times a week.
Sleep 7 to 9 hours per night.
Find time to relax every day. When you have stress, try to breathe deeply.
Learn new and better ways to take care of problems.
Before you use any kind of medicine, even birth control pills, ask the healthcare provider if the new medicine could make your depression worse
If you are depressed and feel that you could hurt yourself or someone else, call your healthcare provider or therapist right away.
Developed by RelayHealth.
Adult Advisor 2015.1 published by RelayHealth. Last modified: 2012-09-17 Last reviewed: 2013-11-19
This content is reviewed periodically and is subject to change as new health information becomes available. The information is intended to inform and educate and is not a replacement for medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcare professional.
Depression: Brief Version: References
Massachusetts General Hospital Comprehensive Clinical Psychiatry; Theodore A. Stern MD, Jerrold F. Rosenbaum MD, Maurizio Fava MD, Joseph Biederman MD, Scott L. Rauch MD; Mosby; 2008
Kaplan and Sadock’s Concise Textbook of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry by Virginia Alcott Sadock 2008
American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychiatry by Robert E. Hales, Stuart C. Yudofsky, and Glen O. Gabbard. 2008
A review of the current guidelines for depression treatment. Gelenberg AJ. J Clin Psychiatry. 2010 Jul;71(7):e15. Review.