Running or jogging is one of the most popular forms of exercise in the US. Jogging is running at a slow pace.
What are the benefits of running?
The benefits of running include:
Lower cholesterol levels
Lower blood pressure
Helping you stay active for a longer time without getting tired
Reduced risk of heart disease, osteoporosis, diabetes, obesity, and certain types of cancer
Less anxiety and depression
What equipment do I need?
One of the reasons that running is so popular is because you donâ€™t need a lot of equipment. The main thing you need is a good pair of running shoes. Proper running shoes can help prevent injuries, so it is important to find shoes that are right for you.
There are many types of running shoes. Some have a lot of cushioning while others are designed mainly for motion control. Motion-control shoes are also called anti-pronation shoes.
If you have a high arch, you might consider a running shoe that has a lot of cushioning.
If you have a low arch, or if your feet roll inward (pronate), you need a running shoe that is designed for motion control.
Most people need a shoe with both cushioning and motion control. Go to a store with staff who are knowledgeable about running and can help you choose the right shoes.
Proper clothes can make you feel more comfortable during running. Moisture-wicking synthetic materials move moisture away from your skin, keeping you dry. Cotton can hold moisture, making you feel sticky and damp. If you are going to run in damp or cold weather, wear a jacket that is breathable and water resistant.
You may find it helpful to have a sports watch or an app for your smartphone with a stopwatch feature to keep track of your running time.
What is the proper running technique?
Follow these tips for proper running technique:
Let your arms swing naturally by your sides and keep your elbows bent 90 degrees.
Keep your head and trunk upright and lean your hips slightly forward.
Keep your jaw and shoulders relaxed and try to breathe in through your nose and out through your mouth.
Try to land lightly on your feet and allow your knee to bend as soon as your foot hits the ground.
Run at a pace that lets you talk with someone without getting out of breath.
How often and how far should I run?
Check with your healthcare provider before you start a running program. First make sure that you can walk at least 3 miles at a brisk pace.
Start your running program with a mix of walking and jogging. Start by jogging at a comfortable pace for about 30 seconds, then walk until you feel fully recovered. Continue this jog/walk cycle for 20 to 30 minutes, 3 times a week. Slowly increase the time you jog instead of walk by 10 second intervals over the next several weeks. Eventually you will be able to jog the entire way. Make sure that you rest for one day between workouts. Once you are comfortable jogging 3 days per week, you can add a fourth day if you wish.
A good goal for general fitness is to run 8 to 12 miles each week. If you are just starting it might take you several months to reach this goal. Be careful to not push yourself too fast.
How can I prevent running injuries?
If not done properly, running can cause injuries. When you run, your foot hits the ground with a force that is more than 3 times your body weight. To prevent injuries follow these tips:
Try to run on soft, flat ground such as grass or a dirt path. Concrete and pavement are hard surfaces that can cause extra jarring of your body.
Do not run on slanted or uneven surfaces.
Replace your shoes every 500 miles. Shoes lose their ability to absorb shock over time.
Increase slowly. Donâ€™t increase your running mileage by more than 10% each week.
Running may take effort, but it should never be painful. Some muscle soreness is normal, especially when starting out, but don’t run if your pain gets worse. If you develop pain during a run, stop running right away. If you keep having pain for more than a week, see your healthcare provider.
Warm up and cool down. Before starting your run, warm up with 5 minutes of slow walking. Start your run at a slow pace and slowly build up to your target speed. Near the end of your run, slowly reduce your speed and eventually slow down to a walking pace. Cool down with a 5-minute walk followed by 2 to 3 minutes of stretching.
Developed by RelayHealth.
Adult Advisor 2015.1 published by RelayHealth. Last modified: 2014-03-05 Last reviewed: 2014-06-30
This content is reviewed periodically and is subject to change as new health information becomes available. The information is intended to inform and educate and is not a replacement for medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcare professional.
Running or Jogging: References
DeLee, Jesse C., David Drez, and Mark D. Miller, Orthopaedic Sports Medicine: Principles and Practice, Saunders; 3rd ed, 2009
Kisner, Carol, and Lynn Allen Colby, Therapeutic Exercise: Foundations and Techniques, F. A. Davis Company; 5th ed, 2007