Informed consent is a legal procedure that requires you to give permission before you have a medical or surgical procedure. Itâ€™s also required before you join a clinical study.
Be sure to ask all of your questions so that you fully understand your condition and treatment choices. Your healthcare provider will explain everything to you and answer your questions. You will be asked to sign a form. The form confirms that you have received the information, understand what you were told and that you give permission for the test or treatment. You should feel comfortable taking your time to read the whole document so that you know exactly what you are signing. This will help you play an active role in your healthcare.
What do I need to know?
Before you have a test or treatment, you need to know:
What condition or illness you have
Why a particular test or treatment is needed or recommended
The benefits of having the test or procedure
The risks and problems that might happen as a result of the test
The chances of success for the recommended test or treatment
How long the recovery period after the test or treatment, if any, is likely to be
Other options besides the test or treatment being recommended
You can choose to refuse the test or treatment as long as you understand your options and the risks and possible problems if you do not take your providerâ€™s advice.
Are there any special rules?
Sometimes you can be treated without informed consent. For example, if you are severely hurt and you need emergency treatment, you may not be able to give consent. People who cannot legally make their own decisions cannot give consent for themselves. Each state has laws about when informed consent is needed and when treatment may be given without it.
Developed by RelayHealth.
Adult Advisor 2015.1 published by RelayHealth. Last modified: 2014-10-30 Last reviewed: 2014-10-30
This content is reviewed periodically and is subject to change as new health information becomes available. The information is intended to inform and educate and is not a replacement for medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcare professional.