There are two arches in your foot. One runs the length of your foot, and the other runs across your foot. The arches are made up of tough bands of tissue called ligaments that keep the bones of your feet in place.
You may recover from mild arch pain within a few days to a few weeks. Recovering from severe arch pain may take longer.
What is the cause?
Arch pain may be caused by:
Overuse or sudden injury to the ligaments from activities such as running, hiking, walking, and jumping
Having flat feet or feet that flatten and roll inward when you walk
Shoes that donâ€™t properly support the bottom of your feet
What are the symptoms?
The symptom is pain along the bottom of your foot.
How is it diagnosed?
Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and medical history and examine you.
How is it treated?
To treat this condition:
Put an ice pack, gel pack, or package of frozen vegetables wrapped in a cloth on the injured area every 3 to 4 hours for up to 20 minutes at a time.
Take nonprescription pain medicine, such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or naproxen. Read the label and take as directed. Unless recommended by your healthcare provider, you should not take these medicines for more than 10 days.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, naproxen, and aspirin, may cause stomach bleeding and other problems. These risks increase with age.
Acetaminophen may cause liver damage or other problems. Unless recommended by your provider, don’t take more than 3000 milligrams (mg) in 24 hours. To make sure you donâ€™t take too much, check other medicines you take to see if they also contain acetaminophen. Ask your provider if you need to avoid drinking alcohol while taking this medicine.
Use an arch support or tape your arch as directed by your provider. Your healthcare provider may recommend shoe inserts, called orthotics. You can buy orthotics at a pharmacy or athletic shoe store or they can be custom-made.
Your healthcare provider may recommend stretching and strengthening exercises to help you heal. For example, rolling the arch of your foot on a tennis or golf ball several times a day.
How can I help prevent arch pain?
Arch pain can be prevented by keeping a healthy weight and wearing shoes that fit properly and have proper arch support. Stretching your feet and arches before your activity will also help prevent this injury.
Developed by RelayHealth.
Adult Advisor 2015.1 published by RelayHealth. Last modified: 2014-10-23 Last reviewed: 2014-10-06
This content is reviewed periodically and is subject to change as new health information becomes available. The information is intended to inform and educate and is not a replacement for medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcare professional.
Arch Pain: References
DeLee, Jesse C., David Drez, and Mark D. Miller, Orthopaedic Sports Medicine: Principles and Practice, Saunders; 3rd ed. 2009.
Greene, Walter B., M.D., Griffin, Letha Y. (Ed), Essentials of Musculoskeletal Care, 4th ed. Amer Academy of Orthopaedic. 2010.
Kisner, Carol, and Lynn Colby, Therapeutic Exercise: Foundations and Techniques, F. A. Davis Company; 6th ed, 2012.