Pneumonia is infection of one or both of your lungs. The infection causes swelling (inflammation) of the air sacs in your lungs. The air sacs may fill with fluid or pus and cause you to cough or have trouble breathing. Pneumonia may be caused by a viral or bacterial infection or getting food or fluid in your lungs. The infection may be mild or severe. You may be more at risk for a pneumonia infection if:
You were sick with another illness and your immune system was unable to fight a second illness in your lungs
You have a chronic illness, such as diabetes, chronic bronchitis, or cancer. These and other illnesses can put you at risk for getting infections.
Your stomach contents backed up into your esophagus and trachea and you breathed it into your lungs
You have recently had surgery with general anesthesia
You are over age 65. Children under age 2 are also at higher risk.
How can I take care of myself when I go home?
How long it takes to get better depends on the cause of your pneumonia, your treatment, how well you recover, your overall health, and any complications you may have. It is very important to follow your providerâ€™s instructions in order to make a full recovery. The actions you take to take care of yourself when you have pneumonia may also help prevent future lung infections.
You will be given a list of medicines when you leave the hospital.
Know your medicines. Know what they look like, how much you should take each time, how often you should take them, and why you take each one.
Take your medicines exactly as your provider tells you to.
Carry a list of your medicines in your wallet or purse. Include any nonprescription medicines and supplements on the list.
Your provider may prescribe medicines to:
Treat the infection
Relax and open the airways
Reduce swelling in your lungs
Loosen the mucus in your lungs and help you cough it up
Use a humidifier to increase air moisture. Avoid steam vaporizers because they can cause burns.
Follow your provider’s instructions for follow-up appointments.
Keep appointments for all routine testing you may need.
Talk with your provider about any questions or fears you have.
Diet, Exercise, and Other Lifestyle Changes
Follow the treatment plan your healthcare provider prescribes.
Get plenty of rest while youâ€™re recovering. Try to get at least 7 to 9 hours of sleep each night.
Eat a healthy diet.
Drink enough fluids to keep your urine light yellow in color, unless you are told to limit fluids. This will help keep your mucus moist so you can cough it up easily.
Avoid being around people who are sick.
Practice good hand washing.
Get a flu vaccination yearly to protect against the flu.
Talk to your provider about the benefits of getting the pneumococcal vaccine if you have a chronic illness or are over age 65 and have not been vaccinated.
Exercise as your provider recommends.
Call your healthcare provider if you have new or worsening:
Shortness of breath
Chest pain when you take a breath
Coughing up mucus that is thick or blood-stained
Fever higher than 101.5Â° F (38.6Â° C)
Developed by RelayHealth.
Acute Care Advisor 2015.1 published by RelayHealth. Last modified: 2013-12-11 Last reviewed: 2014-04-24
This content is reviewed periodically and is subject to change as new health information becomes available. The information is intended to inform and educate and is not a replacement for medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcare professional.